Health Sector Response to Dengue Outbreak
Dengue is a viral disease. There are 4 dengue virus serotypes (DENV 1, 2, 3 and 4), transmitted by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The virus act as different viruses: infection with one serotype does not protect against others, and sequential infection by a different serotype put people at greater risk of developing severe dengue. There is no antiviral treatment, beyond supporting care including rest and plenty of fluids.
Dengue was first seen in Nepal in 2004. Since then dengue cases have been reported every year. In the fiscal year 2075/76 a total of 3425 cases with 1 death was reported. This year first dengue fever case reporting started on 2076/01/30 from Sunsari followed by Makwanpur on 2076/4/11 and Kaski on 2076/4/14 which now have spread to 56 districts of 7 Provinces. A total of 5095 cases of
dengue fever has been reported with 6 deaths till date.
Situation Update Reports from HEDMU/ HEOC